Partition function of an ideal gas of diatomic molecules in an external field ε is,
Here μ is the molecule’s dipole moment. Using this partition function along with the thermodynamic relation,
where M = N μ̄ , where μ̄ is the average dipole moment of a molecule in the direction of the external field ε, calculate μ̄ . Sketch this result versus ε from ε = 0 to ε = ∞ and interpret it.
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